It is particularly important to consider the relation between spirituality and religiousness.
When you talk of religiousness, what you get is generally institutional, compulsive and restrictive feeling, whereas spirituality is more personal, subjective and life enhancing.
In other words, Spirituality can also be defined as "The search for the sacred".There are two key terms in this definition "search" and "sacred". Search indicates the spirituality is a process that involves efforts to discover the sacred and hold on to it.
People can take limitless pathways to discover the sacred. This sacred can range from traditional religious institutions to non-traditional spiritual groups (meditation centres, scientology), traditional organised religions ( Hindu, Muslim, Sikhs, Christianity, Jews, etc.), Newer spiritual movement (Feminist, Goddess, Ecological spiritualties), traditional religious practises ( like prayers, reading holy books, watching religious televisions) and other human expressions which have their goal the sacred, like yoga, music, art and social actions.
All these diverse pathways share a common end - Seeking The SACRED Sacred includes concepts of god, the divinity and the transcendental. However spirituality involves more than God.
The divine may be linked to many human domains: Work can be perceived as a divine calling on vocation, environment can be viewed as God's creation, many parents perceive their children as blessings, others view the body as something holy and many describe love as eternal.
Through the process of sanctification (perception of an object as having spiritual significance) people are able to discover the sacred in many spheres of life.
Research has found that individuals who perceive God to be loving, compassionate and responsive figure also report high level of personal well-being. On the other hand people who describe God in a more distant, harsh, fearful, or punitive terms indicate higher level of psychological distress. When people are confronted with major life stresses or traumatic events, spiritual stability and practices become even more strengthened.
Spirituality recognises that your role in life has a greater value than what you do every day. It can relieve you from dependence on material things and help you understand your life's greater purpose. Spirituality can also be used as a way of coping with change or uncertainty.