Physical exercise and/or workout is essential for the maintenance of normal and healthy condition of life. Lack of natural exercise is one of the chief causes of weakness and ill–health.
In recent years, the need for exercise has been recognised even in sickness. Exercise employs the body ones wildest possible range of movement for the particular purpose of maintaining or acquiring muscle tone and control with maximum joint flexibility.
Systematic physical exercise has many benefits. Few of them are mentioned below:
Helps in controlling body weight
Along with diet, exercise plays an important role in controlling your weight and thus preventing obesity. To maintain your weight, the calories you eat and drink must equal the energy you burn. Whereas, to lose weight, you must use more calories than you eat and drink.
Reduces the risk of heart diseases.
Exercise strengthens your heart muscles and also improves circulation. The increased blood flow raises the oxygen levels in your body. This helps lower your risk of heart diseases such as high cholesterol, coronary artery disease, and heart attack. Regular exercise can also lower your blood pressure and triglyceride levels.
Strengthens your respiratory system.
Full use of lungs in exercise reduces and prevents chances of lung congestion due to lymph accumulation. Better respiratory reserve is developed by persistent exercise
Regular exercise helps your body to manage blood sugar and insulin levels.
Exercise can lower your blood sugar level and better production of insulin. This can cut down your risk for metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes. And if you already have one of those diseases, exercise can help you to control and manage it well.
Improves your BMR
There is a rise in the Basal metabolic rate and habitual body temperature over a period of few weeks thus leading to better absorption of nutrients from the diet.
Helps quit smoking.
Exercise may make it easier to quit smoking by reducing your cravings and withdrawal symptoms. It can also help limit the weight you might gain when you stop smoking.
Helps eliminate wastes
Sweating in exercise helps kidneys by eliminating the waste from the body.
Improve your mental health and mood
During exercise, your body releases chemicals that can improve your mood and make you feel more relaxed. This can help you deal with stress and reduce your risk of depression.
Boosts your brain health — Increasing your physical activity helps improve oxygenation in your brain, which can result in improved cognitive function.
Keeps your brain active
Regular exercise helps keep your thinking, learning, and judgment skills sharp as you age. It stimulates your body to release proteins and other chemicals that improve the structure and function of your brain.
Strengthen your bones and muscle.
Regular exercise can help kids and teens build strong bones. Later in life, it can also slow the loss of bone density that comes with age. Doing muscle-strengthening activities can help you increase or maintain your muscle mass and strength.
Reduce your risk of some cancers,
, including colon, breast , uterine, and lung cancer.
Improve your sleep.
Exercise can help you to fall asleep faster and stay asleep longer.
Improve your sexual health.
Regular exercise may lower the risk of erectile dysfunction (ED) in men. For those who already have ED, exercise may help improve their sexual function. In women, exercise may increase and balance sexual arousal.
Increase your chances of living longer. Studies show that physical activity can reduce your risk of dying early from the leading causes of death, like heart disease and some cancers.