It is flexible state of mind - an openness to novelty, a process of actively drawing novel distinctions.
Mindfulness means that one maintain a moment-by-moment awareness of his thoughts, feelings, bodily sensations, and surrounding environment, through a gentle, nurturing and an empathetic lens.
Mindfulness also involves acceptance, which means that we pay attention to our thoughts and feelings without judging them and without believing. for instance, that there's a "right" or 'wrong' way to think or feel in a given moment that is without having a preconceived notion.
When we practice mindfulness, our thoughts tune into what we're sensing in the present moment rather than recollecting the past incidents or imagining the future.
When we are mindful, we become sensitive to context and perspective; we are situated in the present.
When we are Mindless, we are trapped in rigid mind-sets oblivious to context or perspective. When we are mindless, out behaviour is governed by rule and routine.In contrast, when we are Mindful, our behaviour may be guided rather than governed by rules and routines.
Uncertainty keeps us situated in the present. Perception of uncertainty leads to mindfulness and mindfulness in turn leads to greater uncertainty. As such mindfulness leads to engagement with the task at hand.
Mindfulness improves well-being.
Increasing your capacity for mindfulness supports many attitudes that contribute to a satisfied life. Being mindful makes it easier to savor the pleasures in life as they occur. It also helps you become fully engaged in activities, and creates a greater capacity to deal with adverse events.
By focusing on the here and now that is present, many people who practice mindfulness find that they are less likely to get caught up in worries about the future or regrets over the past, are less preoccupied with concerns about success and self-esteem, and are better able to form deep connections with others.